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Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance

Program Descriptions

CATALOG OF FEDERAL DOMESTIC ASSISTANCE

84.010:  Title I Grants to Local Educational Agencies

Popular Name:  Title I Basic, Concentration, and Targeted Grants

Objectives:  To help local education agencies (LEAs) and schools improve the teaching and learning of children failing, or most at-risk of failing, to meet challenging State academic standards.

PROGRAM AND AWARD FINANCIAL AND INFORMATION CONTACTS
ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS FINANCIAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE INFO.
APPLICATION AND AWARD PROCESS INFORMATION CONTACTS
RELATED PROGRAMS ASSISTANCE CONSIDERATIONS
PROGRAM ACCOMPLISHMENTS POST ASSISTANCE REQUIREMENTS


84.010 ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS:

Applicant Eligibility:  State educational agencies (SEAs) and the Secretary of the Interior. Local educational agencies (LEAs) and Indian tribal schools are subgrantees.

Beneficiary Eligibility:  Children who are failing, or most at risk of failing, to meet challenging State academic standards.

Credentials/Documentation:  None.

84.010 APPLICATION AND AWARD PROCESS:

Preapplication Coordination:  None. This program is excluded from coverage under E.O. 12372.

Application Procedure:  In 1996, SEAs applied for funds as part of Title I, Part A, State plans submitted to the Department of Education in accordance with Section 1111 of ESEA or as part of a consolidated State plan submitted under Section 14302 of ESEA. The plan remains in effect for the duration of the State's participation in Title I, Part A, but must be updated to reflect substantive changes. Participating LEA's must file an approved plan with their SEAs.

Award Procedure:  The Department of Education (ED) makes grants to SEAs using statutory formulas. Then SEAs suballocate funds to LEAs based on a formula that includes best available data on the number of children from low-income families. Beginning with FY 1999, ED is required to determine LEA allocations which are used as the basis for making grants to SEAs.

Deadlines:  Deadlines are established by each SEA.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time:  Varies with each State.

Appeals:  If an LEA's plan is disapproved by the SEA it may appeal to the SEA and then to the Department of Education under Section 432 of the General Education Provision Act (GEPA).

Renewals:  Not applicable.

Criteria for Selecting Proposals:  Not applicable - formula program.

Examples of Funded Projects:  Not applicable.

Range and Average of Financial Assistance:  State awards for fiscal year 1999 from $17,419,534 to $940,850,248.

84.010 RELATED PROGRAMS:

  • 84.011 Migrant Education: Basic State Grant Program;
  • 84.013 Title I Program for Neglected and Delinquent Children.

84.010 PROGRAM ACCOMPLISHMENTS:

Almost 14,000 school districts and 50,000 schools receive services. Over 11 million children a year are affected by Title I services in all 50 SEAs, DC, Puerto Rico, and the outlying areas. About 1.3 percent of these children are served in nonpublic schools.

84.010 FINANCIAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE INFO:

Federal Agency:  OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

Type of Assistance:  Formula Grants.

Obligations:  (Grants) FY 99 $7,732,397,000; FY 00 est $7,941,397,000; and FY 00 est $8,357,500,000.

Budget Account Number:  91-0900-2-1-501.

Authorization:  Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, Title I, Part A, 20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.

Regulations, Guidelines, and Literature:  34 CFR 200. For Title I guidance and other information, contact the program office.

84.010 INFO CONTACTS:

Regional or Local Office:  Not applicable.

Headquarters Office:  Compensatory Education Programs, Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, Department of Education, 400 Maryland Ave., SW., Room 3W230, FB-6. Washington, DC 20202-6132. Contact: Mary Jean LeTendre. Phone: (202) 260-0826. Use the same number for FTS.

(See Appendix IV for more contact info.)

84.010 ASSISTANCE CONSIDERATIONS:

Formula and Matching Requirements:  The statute includes three separate formulas for allocating Title I Grants to LEAs. Under the statute, Basic and Concentration Grants are funded at the 1995 appropriation level. Basic Grants are allocated to almost all local educational agencies based on each State's per-pupil expenditure for education and the number of school-aged children from low-income families. Concentration Grants are allocated to LEAs having more than 6,500 children from low-income families or a poverty rate of more than 15 percent. In addition, funds appropriated in excess of the fiscal year 1995 level are to be distributed as targeted grants, which make higher payments to counties with higher numbers or percentages of poor children. The Bureau of Indian Affairs, Outlying Areas, and the Pacific Regional Education Laboratory also receive funding. Within LEAs, school officials target funds to schools with the greatest numbers of poor children. Although Basic Grants and Concentration Grants are allocated to LEAs through different formulas, school districts combine these funds for use as a single program.

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance:  Generally, awards to States are made from July 1 to September 30 of the following year. In addition, funds remain available to States for an additional fiscal year for obligation and expenditure.

Uses and Use Restrictions:  Use of funds varies, depending on whether a school is operating a schoolwide program under Section 1114 of Title I or a targeted assistance program under Section 1115. A school with at least a 50 percent poverty rate may choose to operate a schoolwide program under Section 1115 that allows Title I funds to be combined with other Federal, State, and local funds to upgrade the school's overall instructional program. All other participating schools must operate targeted assistance programs, and select children deemed most needy for Title I services. Targeted assistance programs must ensure that Title I services supplement, not supplant the regular education programs normally provided by State and local educational agencies.

84.010 POST ASSISTANCE REQUIREMENTS:

Reports:  States submit annual performance reports.

Audits:  In accordance with the Education Department General Administrative Regulations (EDGAR) in the Appendix to 34 CFR 80, State and local governments that receive financial assistance of $300,000 or more within the State's fiscal year shall have an audit made for that year. State and local governments that receive between $25,000 and $300,000 within the State's fiscal year shall have an audit made in accordance with the Appendix to Part 80, or in accordance with Federal laws and regulations governing the programs in which they participate.

Records:  In accordance with the General Education Provisions Act, and the Education Department General Administrative Regulations, States must maintain certain program records for 3 years.

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Last Updated, November, 2000             Comments or Questions?           ©Grant Community.com 2000, All Rights Reserved